Low back pain

Low back pain is called pain in the area from the lower edge of the ribs to the gluteal folds. Discomfort can also affect both or one leg. Low back pain is an acute discogenic lumbodynia or “lumbago”. Up to 90% of people face this problem. This pain is not an independent disease. This is a symptom of spinal pathology. The provoking factor is physical activity, hypothermia, cold. Don’t expect the pain to go away on its own. Timely effective treatment for low back pain will help prevent recurrent attacks.

Causes

The immediate cause of low back pain is irritation of the nerve endings on the surface of the intervertebral disc. A muscle spasm can last from a few minutes to several days. Most often, lumbago develops against the background of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. Possible causes of pain are herniated or protruding intervertebral discs.

Causes of aggravation of pain:

  • back injury;
  • posture disorders;
  • anomalies in the structure of the vertebrae;
  • neoplasms in the lumbar region;
  • displacement of the intervertebral discs;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • arthritis;
  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • systemic lupus erythematosus;
  • inflammatory processes in muscles and bones.

Lumbago occurs over the age of 25. Men are more susceptible to this ailment than women.

Provoking factors

Low back pain can provoke:

  • lifting weights;
  • strong physical activity;
  • flick;
  • cold or virus;
  • hypothermia or draft;
  • prolonged stay in a static or uncomfortable position.

Lumbago is susceptible to people doing physical labor, spending a lot of time in the same position, some athletes.

Symptoms

The main symptom of lumbago is acute pain in the lumbar back. It begins abruptly when changing position, lifting weights, and abrupt movement. The nature of the pain is intense, ragged. In a stationary position, the pain decreases, with movement it intensifies. “Backache” happens when you cough or sneeze. A mild, brief attack may go away on its own. The severe one needs an effective treatment for low back pain.

Diagnosis of the disease includes computed tomography, X-ray, MRI, electroneuromyography. The doctor examines and interviews the patient, prescribes blood and urine tests.

Treatment

The most effective treatment for low back pain includes a set of procedures. Pain relieves are used. Physiotherapy helps to relieve the limitation in movement. Magnetic therapy, electrophoresis, massage have shown high efficiency. The patient needs to master and constantly practice a course of special gymnastics. Physiotherapy treatment is possible only under the supervision of a specialist.

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store